Articles & Webinars


Joel Snyder was among the first audio describers to enter the field in the early 1980s. He is experienced in a great many aspects of audio description including live stage productions, film (including IMAX,) videos, television, and training.

Margaret R. Pfanstiehl, Ed.D.
The Metropolitan Washington Ear, Inc.
AD Consumer/Founder of the first Audio Description service
  • “Audio Description,” book to be published by the American Council of the Blind, Washington, DC (mid 2008)
  • “Audio Description: The Visual Made Verbal,” Proceedings of the XVII World Congress, International Federation of Translators, Tampere, Finland (August 2005)
  • “Audio Description: The Visual Made Verbal Across Arts Disciplines-Across The Globe,” Translating Today Magazine, Issue 4, London, England (July 2005)
  • “Audio Description: The Visual Made Verbal,” International Congress Series, VISION 2005 Conference, Royal National Institute for the Blind, London, England (April 2005)
  • “Audio Description: Access for All,” Disability World (Sept.-Nov. 2004)
  • “Audio Description for the Visually Impaired,” Theatre Communications Group Centerpiece (October 1998)
  • “Audio Description: The Visual Made Aural,” National Endowment for the Arts “” (June 1996, published on the Arts Endowment’s Web site)
  • “Audio Description: Seeing Theater Through Your Ears,” National Endowment for the Arts Arts Review (Fall 1986), reprinted in the
  • Association of Performing Arts Presenters Bulletin (April 1987)